About Bengals. To begin, Bengal cats are smart, energetic, and playful (though in some rare cases they may be quite lazy). In addition, many Bengal owners say that their Bengal naturally retrieves items, and they often enjoy playing in the water.
Also, the International Cat Association (TICA) describes the Bengal cat as an active, inquisitive cat that loves to be up high. Most Bengals enjoy playing, chasing, climbing, and investigating. In general, Bengals enjoy the action. Bengals are generally confident and curious.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
Example of a completed HCM report
To continue, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a major concern in the Bengal cat breed. Futhermore, this is a disease in which the heart muscle (myocardium) becomes abnormally thick (hypertrophied). A thick heart muscle can make it harder for the cat’s heart to pump blood. The only way to determine the suitability of Bengal cats meant for breeding is to have the cat’s heart scanned by a cardiologist.
HCM is a common genetic disease in Bengal cats and there is no genetic testing available as of 2018. In the United States, the current practice of screening for HCM involves bringing Bengal cats to a board-certified veterinary cardiologist where an echocardiogram is completed. Bengal cats that are used for breeding should be screened annually to ensure that no hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is present. Currently, North Carolina State University is attempting to identify genetic markers for HCM in the Bengal Cat.
Bengal blood type
The UC Davis Veterinary Genetics Laboratory has studied domestic cat blood types. They conclude that most domestic cats fall within the AB system. The common blood types are A and B and some cats have the rare AB blood type. There is a lack of sufficient samples from Bengals, so the genetics of the AB blood group in Bengal cats is not well understood.
One Bengal blood type study which took place in the U.K. tested 100 Bengal cats. They concluded that all 100 of the Bengal cats tested had type A blood.